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S&P Futures, Global Stocks Slide As European Political Fears Return; Gold Jumps

S&P equity futures followed Asian and European stocks lower, driven by weakness in Franch and Italian markets, as French political concerns returned; the pound tumbled after UK monthly retail sales unexpectedly dropped pushing the dollar higher and Euro lower.

About an hour after the European open, major indices experienced softness despite no fundamental catalyst to see Euro Stoxx 50 lower by 0.5%.  The euro weakened and French bonds declined after the French Socialist Party’s presidential candidate, Benoit Hamon, said he’s in talks with far-left candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon about a single candidacy that would increase the likelihood of a stand -off with far-right front runner Marine le Pen, sending 10y OAT yields up 5bps and 6bps wider against Germany. Gold rebounded 0.2% as a quiet push into safe assets continued.

Global equity markets are set to end the week on a softer footing on Friday, after setting record highs in the previous two sessions, as investors looked for clarity on U.S. President Donald Trump's policies on tax and trade. Confusion over US fiscal and monetary policy has grown as traders have gone back and forth assessing the prospects for President Donald Trump’s economics plans and the timing of U.S. interest-rate increases. Financial conditions have continued to tighten as March rate hike odds jumped after Yellen's congressional testimony: the renewed uptick in 3M OIS and LIbor have yet to impact broader asset classes.

Trump’s plans last week to unveil a “phenomenal” tax policy spurred a rally in stocks, the dollar and emerging-market assets. In Congressional testimony this week, Yellen warned against waiting too long to tighten policy and said a healthier economy may warrant higher interest rates.

Speaking to Bloomberg, Naeem Aslam, chief market analyst at Think Markets said “many do believe that the market is getting ahead of itself and there is just too much optimism about how far Trump can go with his fiscal and tax plans as he still needs full approval from congress,” said “The chances of that are not that great and this is what makes some investors a little pessimistic.”

Much of the action was again in currencies, with the USDJPY sliding most of the overnight session, dragging global risk sentiment lower. Although the dollar was 0.3 percent firmer on the day, it was hovering near a one-week low against a basket of currencies .DXY and headed for its sixth week of losses in the last eight, as investors awaited substantive market-friendly news from President Donald Trump on tax reform. The greenback hit a one-month high on Wednesday after U.S. Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen supported a near-term rate hike due to signs of robust economic growth. Junichi Ishikawa, senior forex strategist at IG Securities in Tokyo said the dollar's recent bounce lacked conviction.

"This shows that the market is still trying to work out the implication of President Trump's policies, of which his approach to trade may not be supportive for the dollar," he said.

The pound fell half a percent to $1.2427 after data showing retail sales in Britain fell shaprly 0.3% month-on-month last month, on expectations for a 0.9% rise.

The MSCI All-Country World index was headed for its fourth straight week of gains after hitting a record high on Thursday, but Asian and European markets eased as investors cashed in recent gains.

The MSCI's index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan pulled back 0.2%, Tokyo stocks closed down 0.6 percent and the pan-European STOXX 600 index was 0.5 percent lower, although it remained near its highest level in 13 months.

Equities in Europe fell, paring a second weekly advance, led by commodity producers as prices of industrial metals were dragged down by further signs of tightening liquidity in China.

"It's too soon to tell what divergent monetary policy will do to equity markets, but higher rates in the U.S. may help financials do better," said Ramakrishnan.

In commodities, gold was set for its third week of gains as political uncertainty spurred demand for the safe haven precious metal. Spot gold was up 0.2% on the day. Brent crude futures were down 0.8%, paring back earlier gains. OPEC sources told Reuters the producers' club could extend its output cut in order to rein in global oversupply. Copper was set to end the week lower as profit-taking pared back the price of the three-month copper contract, though concerns over supply from Chilean and Indonesian mines remained.

Bond yields slipped pretty much across the board. Yields on 10Y Treasuries hovered at 2.43% having crept higher during the week on U.S. rate hike speculation, while yields on Europe's benchmark, German Bunds, were down 3 basis points at 0.32%. There has been a noticeable divide this week, with safe-haven Bunds and other core countries like France and Austria have seeing yields rise, while Spain and Italy have seen theirs fall for the first week in five, helped by some soothing noises from the European Central Bank. The ECB's minutes on Thursday indicated little appetite for curbing stimulus, setting the scene for a divergence in central bank policy between the U.S. and Europe.

Market Snapshot

  • S&P 500 futures down 0.3% to 2,339.00
  • STOXX Europe 600 down 0.5% to 368.27
  • German 10Y yield fell 3.0 bps to 0.319%
  • Euro down 0.2% to 1.0650 per US$
  • Brent Futures down 0.1% to $55.57/bbl
  • Italian 10Y yield fell 8.6 bps to 2.156%
  • Spanish 10Y yield rose 0.7 bps to 1.61%
  • MXAP down 0.2% to 144.97
  • MXAPJ down 0.3% to 466.19
  • Nikkei down 0.6% to 19,234.62
  • Topix down 0.4% to 1,544.54
  • Hang Seng Index down 0.3% to 24,033.74
  • Shanghai Composite down 0.9% to 3,202.08
  • Sensex up 0.6% to 28,470.70
  • Australia S&P/ASX 200 down 0.2% to 5,805.82
  • Kospi down 0.06% to 2,080.58
  • Brent Futures down 0.1% to $55.57/bbl
  • Gold spot up 0.2% to $1,241.35
  • U.S. Dollar Index up 0.2% to 100.67

Top Overnight News from BBG

  • Mnuchin Warned by Japan, Germany as G-20 Sees New Economic Order
  • Sage CEO Says Biotech Firm Has Received Takeover Interest
  • U.S. House Steps Up Effort to Derail Exxon Climate Probe
  • UnitedHealth Accused of Overcharging Medicare by Billions
  • Trump’s Second Pick for Labor Differs More in Style Than Policy
  • Boeing, SpaceX Safety Risks May Delay U.S. Astronaut Travel
  • Macau Casino Stocks Flash Warnings That Preceded 2014 Crash
  • U.K. Retail Sales Unexpectedly Decline as Inflation Bites
  • Calpers, Others to Push Banks on Dakota Access Pipeline: FT

* * *

Asia equity markets traded negative following the subdued lead from the US, where the Nasdaq and S&P 500 ended their string of records, although the DJIA still edged a fresh all-time closing high with minimal gains of 0.04%. ASX 200 (-0.2%) was lower amid a lack of drivers with the index weighed down by the healthcare sector, whilst Nikkei 225 (-0.6%) was the laggard as exporters suffered from the recent JPY strength. China markets were also weak with the Shanghai Comp. (-0.9%) and Hang Seng (-0.4%) dampened after the PBoC's liquidity operations amounted to a consecutive net weekly drain. 10yr JGBs were higher following advances in T-notes and amid the risk averse sentiment in Japan, while the curve was mixed with mild outperformance in the long-end. PBoC injected CNY 50bIn 7-day reverse repos, CNY 50bIn in 14-day reverse repos and CNY 50bIn in 28-day reverse repos for a net weekly drain of CNY 150bIn vs. Prev. CNY 625bn drain last week.

Top Asian News

  • UOB Profit Declines as Bank Boosts Energy Loan Provisions
  • Singapore’s Economy Expands at Fastest Pace in More Than 5 Years
  • PBOC’s Cash Moves Act to Lower Banks’ Reserve Ratios, Data Show
  • Coal-Loving Indonesian Investor Doubles Down After 39% Gain
  • China’s H Shares Pare Weekly Advance as Banking Rally Stumbles
  • Singapore, Hong Kong Restart Dual-Class Push to Snag IPOs
  • China Futures Volume Surges as Brokers Climb on Looser Curbs

European stocks are also lower, with the Stoxx 600 down 0.5%, as this morning has seen a typically quiet Friday in terms of newsflow, however with price action garnering some attention. Around an hour into equity trade, major indices experiences softness amid no new fundamental catalyst to see Euro Stoxx 50 lower by 0.5%. In terms of a sector specific basis, energy is among the worst performers, while healthcare outperforms after Shire's earnings yesterday and with AstraZeneca's Lynparza met its primary endpoint. Elsewhere, the most notable earnings from the past 24 hours has come from Allianz, with an impressive beat and a share buyback program seeing Co. shares soar. In tandem with the downside seen in equities by mid-morning, fixed income markets pushed higher as Bunds retake the 164 level and retrace all the softness seen throughout the week. The US 10Y yield is also approaching pre-Yellen levels at around 2.64.

Top European News

  • ECB Shows Readiness to Flex Rules If Inflation Goal’s at Stake
  • Allianz Plans $3.2 Billion Share Buyback as Profit Climbs (3)
  • U.K.’s Clark Meets PSA Chiefs to Make Case for Vauxhall
  • Sprint by Turkish Stocks Leaves Fund Managers in Starting Blocks
  • Swedish Muzak Startup Ditches Spotify in World Expansion Bid

In currencies, UK retail sales data was the only top tier release for the day, and came in far weaker than expected despite some correction expected due to the drop seen in the previous month. The Jan data missed on all counts, with headline M/M falling 0.3% vs a +0.9% rise expected. GBP was falling ahead of the release, with Cable trade above 1.2500 all too brief and followed up by a move through the 1.2400's to retest the lows around 1.2385 seen earlier in the week. EUR/GBP raced up towards 0.8600 after a temporary dip towards 0.8500, but it looks as though heavy GBP/JPY sales provided just as much of the impetus as pre 142.00 trade earlier in the day led to an eventual drop below 140.00. The flow may well have been encouraged by the weakness in USD/JPY, which has now dropped below 113.00 putting the support from 112.50 back under threat as UST yields continue to struggle despite this week's events/data.
 
In commodities, the Bloomberg Commodity Index fell 0.4 percent, heading for its fourth weekly drop in five. Oil declined 0.2 percent to $53.28 a barrel. Crude is heading for its first weekly decline in five weeks as expanding U.S. crude stockpiles countered output cuts from OPEC and other producing nations. Gold nudged 0.2 percent higher to $1,241.56 an ounce and is and is set for its seventh weekly gain in eight weeks. Front and centre at present is the rise in Gold, and despite the obvious negative correlation with the USD, the risk tone has turned a little to cause some wobbles on Wall Street. The Dow may have eked out some fresh record highs, but not after a confused start exacerbated by the rise in Treasuries. Base metals across the board have eased back off better levels on the week due to risk sentiment also, but minor outperformance seen in Platinum. USD weakness will also underpin Oil prices, but with the growth in inventories dismissed due to the future impact of the OPEC agreed productions, support in WTI looks well established and comfortably ahead of USD50.00, though little to prompt a move on USD55.00+ for now. Support in Brent comes in ahead of USD55.00.

Looking at the day ahead it looks set to be a fairly quiet end to the week. In Europe this morning the only data came from the UK where the January retail sales figures disappointed (-0.3%, Exp. 0.9%, last -1.9%) while in the US this we’ve got the Conference Board’s leading indicator for January. Earnings wise Allianz headlines a small list.

US Event Calendar

  •     10am: Leading Index, est. 0.5%, prior 0.5%
  • * * *

DB's Jim Reid concludes the overnight wrap

On a relatively dull day markets wise the ECB minutes brought a little excitement to European bonds at least. The minutes said that implementing the planned QE programme would "inevitably" require "limited and temporary deviations" from the ECB's capital key. Although 'limited' and 'temporary' don't indicate anything substantial this was still enough to help peripherals rally strongly. Indeed 10y yields in Italy, Spain and Portugal finished -10.3bps, -8.9bps and -10.4bps lower respectively and so tightening their spreads to Bunds which ended -2.5bps on the day. 10y Treasury yields (-4.8bps to 2.445%) also finished lower for the first time since February 8th. Not even a bumper Philly Fed manufacturing index reading which saw the index surge nearly 20pts to 43.3 in February and the highest since 1984 could halt the reversal. The jump in the data was in fact the single biggest in a month since 2009 and came hot on the heels of a decent NY Fed manufacturing survey on Wednesday.

For the most part the reversal for bonds was also the case for risk assets. Despite staging a typical late bounce-back into the close the S&P 500 (-0.09%) finally snapped a run of 7 consecutive daily gains and finished lower for the first time since February 6th. The Dow (+0.04%) did manage to just eke out a small gain and extend the record high for another day although the runs did come to an end for the Nasdaq (-0.08%) and Russell 2000 (-0.36%) indices too. The overall tone in Europe had been relatively soft too (Stoxx 600 -0.37%) with Banks and Energy sectors under pressure. Oil was particularly volatile in the afternoon as we saw WTI touch as high at $53.59/bbl, before tumbling to $52.68/bbl, and then reverse again into the close to actually finish up +0.60% at around $53.36/bbl. A combination of growing US inventories following the latest EIA data and a Reuters report suggesting that OPEC could look to extend the six-month production cut both seemed to play their part.

Elsewhere there was a bit of excitement in the spike up in the VIX (+7.40%) to 12.86 in the early evening which saw it reach a new high for the month, only for the index to completely retrace into the close and end more or less flat. Currencies were a bit more one-way however with the Dollar index (-0.73%) down for the second day in a row following ten successive daily gains. The Yen (+0.81%) was a big beneficiary against that and we’re seeing that weigh on Japanese equities this morning with the Nikkei currently -0.55%. The Hang Seng (-0.15%), ASX (-0.14%) and Kospi (-0.17%) are also down while bourses in China were initially up helped by the news of the China futures exchange relaxing curbs on stock index futures trading, but are now down a similar amount.

Moving on. While there was some focus on the President Trump press conference yesterday, more so for its typical entertainment than any material updates for markets, House Speaker Ryan did emphasise separately that a tax reform “has to happen” and that following the President’s Day break on Monday, the House intends to “introduce legislation and repeal and replace Obamacare”. Ryan also said that a much anticipated border adjustment tax is needed to spur US manufacturing and that currency adjustment would occur with tax law harmonization.

Closer to home, time is ticking down now to the Eurogroup meeting on Monday and it seems that there is growing scepticism out there that a Greek deal will be struck in time. Germany parliamentary members stressed the need to have IMF participation yesterday which they also said is precisely the position taken by euro area finance ministers. The FT also ran an article downplaying hope of an agreement by next week, suggesting instead that a deal may be months away now. While Greece is likely able to stand on its own two feet until July (when heavy bond maturities are due) its looking like any progress will go on the backburner until the Dutch and first round of French elections are out of the way over the next couple of months.

Before we wrap up, the only other data yesterday in the US came in the housing sector where housing starts revealed a suspiring -2.6% mom decline in January (vs. 0.0% expected) but permits jumped a better than expected +4.6% mom (vs. +0.2% expected). Initial jobless claims rose 5k last week to 239k but remain at low levels still. Elsewhere, Fed Vice-Chair Fischer also spoke but didn’t give much away in terms of timing for the next rate hike while also declining to say whether or not he expects two or three moves this year.

While we’re on the Fed, it’s worth drawing your attention to our economists’ latest Global Economic Perspectives piece where they have taken a look at the looming leadership shake-up. They note that President Trump will have considerable scope to reshape the Fed. By April, there will now be at least three vacancies on the seven-seat Board of Governors (following Governor Tarullo's resignation), whilst Fed Chair Janet Yellen's term as Chair will end in January next year. They note that at this point there is substantial uncertainty about who could replace Chair Yellen – there has been little indication from the Trump administration about possible candidates. Our team discuss several of the candidates that have been mentioned (these include current Governor Jerome Powell, past Governor Kevin Warsh, and academic John Taylor). Based on Trump's past comments, the makeup of his economic advisors and appointments, and the political leanings of Congressional Republicans, they argue that it would seem that Trump may prefer a candidate that: (1) has significant experience in markets and/or business (i.e., a market practitioner rather than an academic economist), (2) does not have strong hawkish leanings that would work against Trump's growth agenda, and (3) does not forcefully reject greater Congressional oversight of the Fed. They write that who occupies the Chair's seat would be critical for markets in any environment. But Yellen's replacement could be even more important, as he or she may well preside over an economy that is near full employment and that is given a large dose of fiscal stimulus. This raises the risk that the Fed could fall behind the curve.

Looking at the day ahead it looks set to be a fairly quiet end to the week. In Europe this morning the only data comes from the UK where we’ll get the January retail sales figures (where a rebound is expected) while in the US this afternoon we’ve got the Conference Board’s leading indicator for January. Earnings wise Allianz headlines a small list.

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